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Broccoli Nutrition Facts: Health Benefits, Calories and More

broccoli nutrition facts

Discover the nutritional benefits of broccoli with our comprehensive guide. Learn about its health benefits, calories, and more!

Broccoli Nutrition Facts: Health Benefits, Calories and More

Are you looking for a nutrient-dense food that can provide you with numerous health benefits? Look no further than broccoli! This cruciferous vegetable is a powerhouse of vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants that can help you maintain optimal health. In this article, we will explore the nutrition facts, health benefits, and calories of broccoli.

1. What is Broccoli?

broccoli nutrition facts

Broccoli is a green vegetable that belongs to the cruciferous family. It is closely related to cauliflower, cabbage, and Brussels sprouts. Broccoli is an excellent source of many essential nutrients, including vitamins C, K, and A, folate, and fiber.

2. Nutritional Profile of Broccoli

One cup of chopped broccoli (91 grams) contains:

  • Calories: 31
  • Protein: 2.5 grams
  • Carbohydrates: 6 grams
  • Fiber: 2.4 grams
  • Fat: 0.4 grams
  • Vitamin C: 135% of the Daily Value (DV)
  • Vitamin K: 116% of the DV
  • Vitamin A: 11% of the DV
  • Folate: 14% of the DV
  • Potassium: 8% of the DV
  • Manganese: 8% of the DV

3. Health Benefits of Broccoli

1. May Lower the Risk of Cancer

Broccoli contains compounds called glucosinolates, which have been shown to have anti-cancer properties. These compounds can help the body eliminate carcinogens and prevent the development of cancer cells. Studies have shown that consuming broccoli may lower the risk of several types of cancer, including lung, colorectal, breast, and prostate cancer.

2. May Improve Heart Health

Broccoli is rich in fiber, which can help lower cholesterol levels and improve heart health. Additionally, it contains compounds called sulforaphane and kaempferol, which can help reduce inflammation and oxidative stress in the body, both of which are risk factors for heart disease.

3. May Support Digestive Health

Broccoli is an excellent source of fiber, which can help promote regularity and prevent constipation. It also contains compounds that can help support the growth of beneficial bacteria in the gut, which can improve overall digestive health.

4. May Improve Bone Health

Broccoli is a good source of calcium, which is essential for strong bones. Additionally, it contains vitamin K, which plays a crucial role in bone metabolism and can help improve bone density.

5. May Help Manage Blood Sugar Levels

Broccoli is low in calories and carbohydrates, making it an excellent choice for people with diabetes or those looking to manage their blood sugar levels. Additionally, it contains compounds that can help improve insulin sensitivity and reduce the risk of type 2 diabetes.

4. How to Incorporate Broccoli into Your Diet

broccoli nutrition facts

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There are many ways to incorporate broccoli into your diet. You can steam, roast, or stir-fry it and serve it as aside dish or add it to salads, soups, and stews. You can also blend it into smoothies for an extra boost of nutrition. Experiment with different seasoning and flavor combinations to find a recipe that suits your taste buds.

5. Broccoli Recipes

Here are a few delicious and healthy broccoli recipes to try:

1. Broccoli Salad


  • 1 head of broccoli, chopped
  • 1/2 cup of raisins
  • 1/2 cup of sunflower seeds
  • 1/4 cup of chopped red onion
  • 1/4 cup of crumbled bacon
  • 1/4 cup of mayonnaise
  • 1 tablespoon of apple cider vinegar
  • Salt and pepper to taste


  1. In a large bowl, combine the chopped broccoli, raisins, sunflower seeds, red onion, and bacon.
  2. In a small bowl, whisk together the mayonnaise, apple cider vinegar, salt, and pepper.
  3. Pour the dressing over the broccoli mixture and toss to combine.
  4. Chill for at least 30 minutes before serving.

2. Broccoli and Cheddar Soup


  • 1 head of broccoli, chopped
  • 1 onion, chopped
  • 2 cloves of garlic, minced
  • 4 cups of chicken or vegetable broth
  • 1 cup of milk
  • 1 cup of shredded cheddar cheese
  • Salt and pepper to taste


  1. In a large pot, sauté the onion and garlic until fragrant.
  2. Add the chopped broccoli and broth to the pot and bring to a boil.
  3. Reduce heat and simmer until the broccoli is tender.
  4. Using an immersion blender, puree the soup until smooth.
  5. Add the milk and cheddar cheese and stir until melted and combined.
  6. Season with salt and pepper to taste.
  7. Serve hot.

6. How to Select and Store Broccoli

When selecting broccoli, look for firm, compact heads that are dark green in color. Avoid broccoli with yellowing or brown spots, as this indicates that it is past its prime. Store broccoli in the refrigerator in a plastic bag for up to five days.

7. Broccoli Calories and Macronutrient Breakdown

One cup of chopped broccoli (91 grams) contains 31 calories, 2.5 grams of protein, 6 grams of carbohydrates, and 0.4 grams of fat. Broccoli is also an excellent source of vitamin C, vitamin K, and folate.

8. Potential Side Effects of Broccoli

broccoli nutrition facts

While broccoli is generally safe for most people to consume, it can cause gas and bloating in some individuals. Additionally, consuming large amounts of raw broccoli can interfere with thyroid function due to its goitrogen content. However, cooking broccoli can reduce its goitrogen content and make it safe to consume in moderation.

9. Conclusion

Broccoli is a nutrient-dense vegetable that offers numerous health benefits. It is rich in vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants that can help lower the risk of cancer, improve heart health, support digestive health, and more. By incorporating broccoli into your diet, you can boost your overall health and wellbeing.

10. FAQs

  1. Can I eat broccoli raw? Yes, you can eat broccoli raw. However, cooking broccoli can help reduce its goitrogen content and make it easier to digest.
  2. Is broccoli high in calories? No, broccoli is low in calories. One cup of chopped broccoli contains only 31 calories.
  3. Can broccoli help with weight loss? Yes, broccoli is a low-calorie, high-fiber food that can help with weight loss by promoting feelings of fullness and reducing overall calorie intake.
  1. How should I prepare broccoli to maximize its nutritional benefits? To maximize the nutritional benefits of broccoli, it’s best to steam or stir-fry it, as these cooking methods preserve the most nutrients.
  2. Can broccoli help prevent cancer? Yes, broccoli contains compounds that have been shown to help prevent cancer, including sulforaphane and indole-3-carbinol.

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